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 Depot of Movables
 'Aryanisation'
 8 cases
  Hugo Breitner
  Viktor Ephrussi
  Wilhelm Goldenberg
  Moritz König
  Oskar Pöller
  Hedwig Schwarz
  Emil Stiaßny
  Paul Weiß

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 Press release
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 Exhibition team
 

Hugo Breitner
born 09.11.1873 in Vienna, died 03.05.1946 Claremont/USA
Address: Kritzendorf, Feldstraße 5 (1938: Horst Wessel-Straße 5)
 
 

As the Councillor of Finance of the City of Vienna (1919-1932), Dr. Hugo Breitner, formerly head of the Austrian Länderbank (Central Bank), laid the financial foundation of the exemplary housing and social policy of Rotes Wien (Red Vienna) e.g. by means of graduated and progressive luxury taxes designated for the housing of the poor. After resigning, he undertook in 1932-1934 the direction of the Zentralsparkasse (Central Savings and Loan) of the City of Vienna. Following the Februarkämpfe of 1934 (persecution of the socialists by the austrofascists), he was arrested by the austrofascist regime. In 1936, via Florence, he emigrated to the USA (1939). In the exile, he became member of the Advisory Board for the Austrian Labor Committee and the Austrian Labor Information and, finally, taught city planning at the University of Claremont, California. He died in 1946 shortly before his planned return to Vienna. In 1948, the newly-built block of flats "Hugo-Breitner-Hof" in Vienna's 14th District was named after him. In August 1950, his widow Therese Breitner brought Hugo Breitner's funeral urn from the USA to Vienna. It was officially buried in a memorial grave in the Wiener Zentralfriedhof (Vienna Central Cemetery). His daughter now lives in the USA.

Chronological overview of "Aryanisation", utilisation and restitution

11 June 1938: Villa and property in Kritzendorf are "aryanised" by the Gestapo.

December 1938: The "Depot of Movables" makes a list of all the objects on the scene. The greatest portion is left to the head of Kritzendorf National Socialist Party's local branch, which was handed over the house. Textiles and household items are given to the Nazi public welfare organisation; dishes, glasses, cutlery are deposited in the Silver Collection. The remaining furniture is stored in the "Depot of Movables".

June 1939: The objects that were previously kept separately become part of the general Inventory.

December 1939: 69 books are handed over to the Nationalbibliothek (National Library).

1947-1954: Hugo Breitner's widow, who lives in California, conducts a restitution procedure against the new owners of the villa. In 1952, she is granted the house on principle. But the negotiations for a compromise drag on. She finally gives up and sells the villa to its residents, the family Morawsky who had acquired it as a confiscated good in 1941.

October 1969: The objects that have been stored in the Silver Collection without being put in the Inventory are sold by auction at the Dorotheum (State auction house) in Vienna for the "Collection Points A and B for the benefit of political or racial victims". The Finanzlandesdirektion (Austrian fiscal authorities) had determined that the objects had actually belonged to the "Collection Points" since 1956, as the owners had not claimed for restitution in time. In 1969, the address of the family is known to the Finanzlandesdirektion.

Beginning of 2000: The daughter is contacted with regard to the restitution of the objects that are still available at the "Depot of Movables".

 
Exponat

Bathroom mirror.
Taken from the 'aryanised' apartment of Hugo Breitner

Held ready for restitution since 1999

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